Concussions are a public health issue

Government of Canada reported that 64% of emergency room visits among youth aged 10-18 have been related to participation in sports, physical activity and recreation, with 39% being diagnosed with concussions. A concussion is defined as a complex pathophysiological process that affects the brain, typically induced by trauma to the brain. It can be caused either by a direct blow to the head, face or neck, or an indirect blow to the body, causing the brain to move rapidly back and forth within the skull. Immediate symptoms can include headaches, nausea, difficulty concentrating or remembering, irritability, depression, changes in appetite or energy levels.

Concussion Assessment

Concussions are common sport injuries, particularly among children and adolescents. On many occasions, symptoms may go unnoticed. Without diagnoses and proper management, a concussion can result in permanent or severe brain damage. Long term effects of multiple concussions are currently being studied by researchers around the globe. Multiple traumatic incidents may contribute to the development of mild cognitive impairments, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, and other adverse outcomes. To increase sport participation and active lifestyles, we need to work towards reducing the incidence and impact of serious injuries. Furthermore, diagnosing and managing concussions requires specialized, comprehensive approaches.