Concussions are a public health issue
Government of Canada reported that 64% of emergency room visits among youth aged 10-18 have been related to participation in sports, physical activity and recreation, with 39% being diagnosed with concussions. A concussion is defined as a complex pathophysiological process that affects the brain, typically induced by trauma to the brain. It can be caused either by a direct blow to the head, face or neck, or an indirect blow to the body, causing the brain to move rapidly back and forth within the skull. Immediate symptoms can include headaches, nausea, difficulty concentrating or remembering, irritability, depression, changes in appetite or energy levels.